Orthopaedics & Joint Replacement
Orthopaedics is a branch of science that deals with the diseases and injury relating to the musculoskeletal system of the body. The musculoskeletal system is a complex system present in the body which includes bones, ligaments, joints, muscles, tendons and nerves, and allows the various kinds of movements that is done by the body. There was a time when Orthopaedists were solely devoted to providing care to children suffering from limb and spine deformities, but now they cater to the needs of everyone. Now, there are specialised orthopaedists that provide special care to athletes and sportspersons.
Orthopaedic surgeons treatvarious kinds of issues relating to the musculoskeletal system, which may involve:
- Diagnosing the disorder or injury
- Treating the condition with medication, casting, exercise, surgery etc.
- Rehabilitation of the treated condition by recommending exercises and physiotherapy
- Prevention with treatment plans and information so as to prevent injury.
An orthopaedic surgeon is a board-certified medical professional that has undergone extensive medical training on the subject. As a rule, it has been observed that a typical orthopaedic surgeon will complete around 14 years of education on the subject that may include:
- Five years of medical school
- Five years of medical residency
- Optional years of fellowship focussed in one particular area
When you visit an orthopaedic surgeon, they will get your complete medical history and perform a brief analysis of your musculoskeletal injury or disease. Most of the doctors recommend blood tests and X-Rays to get the complete picture. After performing all the preliminary analysis, the doctors will discuss the diagnosis. Accordingly, they will select the best treatment plan available.
Orthopaedic surgeons are trained to perform various kinds of surgeries. Common surgical procedures are listed below:
- Fusion— It is a kind of "welding" process. In this process, bones are fused with one another using internal devices and bone grafts, so that they join to become a single solid bone and heal properly.
- Arthroscopy— This is a specialised procedure that utilises the use of special high-res cameras that are capable of visualizing, diagnosing and treating problems inside a joint.
- Joint replacement — The process of replacing a damaged or arthritic joint with an artificial one is covered in joint replacement surgery.
- Osteotomy—This involves correction of an existing or later bone deformity by either repositioning or cutting the bone.
Treatments related to sports injuries which can be extremely painful and traumatic are taken care of by an Orthopaedic Surgeons. Arthroscopy, knee, shoulder and ankle arthroscopy, recurrent shoulder dislocation, rotator cuff repair, sub acromial decompression, Msaicrominal and articular cartilage implantation are some of the other procedures which are done routinely.