Obstetrics & Gynaecology
Obstetrics was originally a separate branch of medicine,and gynaecology was a division of surgery.Knowledge of the pathophysiology of the femalereproductive tract led to a natural integration of these twoareas, and obstetrics and gynaecology merged into a singlespecialty.
Obstetricians can now undergo further trainingin maternal foetal medicine, which deals with high-riskpregnancies and prenatal diagnosis. Likewise, gynaecology nowincludes general gynaecology (which deals with non-malignant disordersof the reproductive tract and associated organ systems,family planning, and preconception care), gynaecologic oncology,reproductive endocrinology–infertility, and pelvic reconstructivesurgery and urogynecologist. These areas constitute the majorityof the requisite knowledge and skills expected of thefully trained obstetrician–gynaecologist specialist.
Currently, many obstetrician–gynaecologists also providecomplete care for women throughout their lives.Obstetrician–gynaecologists should have additional knowledgeand skills in primary and preventive health care needsof women, and be able to identify situations in which torefer patients to specialists. Obstetrician–gynaecologists must be able to establish a good professional relationship withpatients and be able to perform a general and woman’shealth history, revaluation, and physical examination.
Women's health is a very critical component of any hospital's offering. Right from puberty to pregnancy, child birth to menopause, women go through a lot of health issues and problems that needs to be addressed from time to time.
There are four recognized subspecialties in the field of obstetrics -gynaecology:
- Gynaecologic oncology
- Maternal/foetal medicine
- Reproductive endocrinology and infertility
- Urogynecologist/reconstructive pelvic surgery
Each subspecialty has its own certification exams and physicians can become certified in one or more of them.
Some of the services and treatments offered in the Obstetrics and Gynaecology departmen include:
- Painless delivery and management of high risk pregnancy
- Management of normal and instrumental delivery
- Laparoscopic surgeries - Diagnostic & Therapeutic Tubectomy
- Hysteroscopy - Diagnostic & Therapeutic
- Laparoscopic Abdominal Vaginal Hysterectomy
- Non-descent Vaginal Hysterectomy
- Transabdominal Hysterectomy
- Robotic Hysterectomy & Myomectomy