Cardiology is a branch of medicine that specializes in the disorder and medical conditions which affects the heart as well as parts of the circulatory system. Cardiologists are doctors dealing with disorders and abnormalities of heart and circulatory system. Cardiologist’s diagnosis and treat diseases in the blood vessels and cardiovascular system and do procedures like angioplasty, heart catheterizations and pacemaker’s insertion.
A Cardiologist after finishing four years of medicine gets trained in internal medicine for another 3 years and 3 more years in specialization in cardiology.
Some of the symptoms pertaining to heart diseases are dizziness, breadth shortness, mild to heavy chest pains, high blood pressure and abnormal heart rate.
When a physician discovers that we have heart related problems he refers us to a cardiologist who does special tests like Echo cardiogram or ECG to evaluate and treat the patients.
Cardiologists take into account mainly their medical history, hereditary and perform physical examination checking their weight, blood pressure and counsel patients about the risks and how to prevent heart disease, cholesterol management and also recommend lifestyle changes, fitness along with medicine. cardiologists are also mainly involved in the treatment of heart failure and heart attacks, heart surgery, balloon angioplasty and cardiac catheterization.
The following tests are done to determine the conditions of the heart. An exercise stress test is used to study the heart's performance and limitations. An doppler or Echo is an ultrasound assessment of the heart. A coronary CT scan is done as a vital screening check that could save lives. An echocardiogram is a picture of soundwaves showing the function of the heart. A cardiac catheterization is a test in where a small tube is placed near the heart to see how the heart is working and also help to relieve blockage. cardiologists know to manage cardiac emergencies and take these tests only when needed.
There is also a separate speciality of paediatric cardiology. Cardiologists treat patients with conditions like chest pain, irregular heartbeat, accumulation of fluid known as oedema, disease of heart muscle known as cardiomyopathy, artery diseases,heart valve disease and hole in heart and give emphasis on disease prevention and improving their survival rates.
A cardiologist differs from cardiac surgeons, while the cardiologists diagnose the heart defects artery conditions using various tests, the surgeons operate on patients performing complex operations like bypass and heart transplant. Also, they keep upgrading themselves with current technological advances in surgical procedures and instrumentation.